Work for Dylan 10.7.18-10.17.18
Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Timeline and answer the following questions:
- Use the timeline included on this poster to identify key moments in the development of human rights. Which of these events seem most significant to you? Why?
- Which violations of human rights were included here? How might these violations have shaped the history leading up to the UDHR?
- What questions about human rights does this timeline raise?
- What events on the timeline surprised you? Why do you think they are included?
Read the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and answer the following questions:
1. After reviewing the thirty articles that make up the UDHR, consider which you think are easier to secure? Which are the most challenging to secure?
For example Article 25 states:
Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.
2. What rights does the article hope to secure? How would you measure progress on those rights? Should all countries be held to the same standards?
3. Some critics argue that if the UDHR had fewer articles, they would be easier to enforce.
4. Review the 30 articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and choose two or three that seem the most important. If these articles had to be turned into laws, which would be the easiest to enforce? How could they be enforced?
5. Who would have to be involved? What systems would be needed to determine if they were being violated? What would you do with people who violated these laws?
A World Police Force
Benjamin Ferencz, former prosecutor at the Nuremberg Trials, has worked to create structures to preserve world peace. As a consultant to the United Nations, he has also thought about the issue of enforcement with regard to the UN and the UDHR. Ferencz writes:
In every society there will always be law-breakers who will take the law into their own hands-regardless of economic sanctions or other attempts to restrain them by non-violent means. Those willing to use force will almost always prevail over those who are unwilling or unable to do so. International force may thus be needed as the ultimate guardian of peace...An international police force, under effective UN control-as envisaged in the [UN] Charter-is the best safeguard for world tranquility. But the UN must be given the means to do the job.
- What do you think about his suggestion that we should have a United Nations police force? What are his arguments for this? What might be the arguments against his idea?
- Why might his suggestion be controversial? How do you resolve the dilemmas between the right to national sovereignty and the enforcement of human rights?
Use the Universal Declaration of Human Rights pdf to answer the following:
Eleanor Roosevelt and others on the United Nations Committee that drafted the UDHR saw it as one step toward achieving a larger goal-the pursuit of human dignity. Their work was motivated by the atrocities they had witnessed during World War II, including the horrors of the Holocaust and the collective shock at the destructive power of the atomic bomb.
1. How do the values and principles expressed in the UDHR relate your everyday life and the way you treat others?
2. Is this about the basic values and principles of being a good citizen, and if so, where do these principles come from?
3. How do you learn a code of conduct?
4. How do you learn what it means to be a good citizen?
Interview 4 people and ask them to identify 3-4 human rights they think are most important. (Show them the Universal declaration of human rights) .
- Where there any rights that all 4 thought were important? Which ones?
- How do they compare with ones that you identified as important?
- Ask each person if they think the rights they think are important are guaranteed to everyone in the USA? The rest of the world?